Local government continues to be the source of new and innovative solutions to specific problems confronting the lives of residents. However, local officials across the country have expressed strong concerns about the recent growth in state restrictions and preemptions of municipal and county authority. State restrictions are increasing in the wake of other actions since the Great Recession that have frustrated local leaders efforts to serve and improve their communities. These include cutbacks in discretionary financial aid, off-loading functional responsibilities without commensurate revenues, and unfunded mandates. Due to political stalemate in Washington, D.C., combined with inaction in many state legislatures, a resurgence of fend-for-yourself federalism may be on the horizon. However, many local governments are forging ahead with innovations and experiments in a wide range of policy areas. Some legislators and governors want to rein in local governments, not empower them. As a result, state-local relations have become more contentious and adversarial. This paper examines these trends and provides a framework for helping local government officials understand how best to navigate these governance issues while states continue to wrestle with the questions of how best to meet the needs of their citizens.
Valley Benchmark Cities report highlights current and changing public services
The Center for Urban Innovation, in partnership with the Alliance for Innovation and 11 regional municipalities in the Phoenix region, have released their second report from the Valley Benchmark Cities project. This report highlights not only performance levels across the services in the 11 communities, but also comparisons with the first report of the 2013-14 measures.
Executive Summary The Goodyear Cost Recovery Research Project reviews Goodyear’s Parks and Recreation fee structure and current cost recovery model in relation to program fees, rentals, and procedures against comparable cities in order to identify new and better options. The following report details data from comparable cities regarding fee philosophies, fees assessed, as well as rental policies and procedures. The Goodyear Cost Recovery Research Team collected data over an eight-week (from October 2015 to December 2015) from cities deemed comparable by Goodyear’s Parks and Recreation staff. The team collected research through e-mail requests, phone conversations, and city websites. While collecting data, the research team identified challenges related to finalizing the research. These challenges included missing information from cities that did not participate in the study, and missing common definitions of what costs are to be included when discussing and reporting cost recovery.
Smart Cities Council Financing Guide
"Cities everywhere are challenged by congestion, pollution, crime, aging infrastructure, falling budgets and many other issues. They need new strategies and new technologies to address those challenges. Smart technology is a key piece of the solution. But smart city projects come with price tags. And many smart technologies are relatively new and haven’t established the kind of track record financiers want to see, which makes securing capital investments even more challenging. Happily, there are numerous financing tools available to help cities and regional governments pay for smart city projects. This guide highlights 28 of the most promising — including alternatives to the traditional funding mechanisms municipalities have used for decades. It also includes: • Detailed analyses of each option based on 10 characteristics to help decision makers easily identify the best tools for specific types of projects. • Examples of how these tools are being used today.. The Smart Cities Council is grateful to the Arizona State University Center for Urban Innovation for the financial expertise and insights that made this Smart Cities Finance Guide possible. Please refer to page 76 to learn about the authors and the Center."
Jesse Berst, Chairman, Smart Cities Council
Brookings Research Website
Technological change is increasingly disruptive and destabilizing. In order to maintain effective governance systems, public sector entities must overcome stagnant tendencies and take a proactive stance—acting in the face of impending technological innovations. Future government entities must evolve into lean, responsive, and adaptive organizations capable of rapid response to societal shifts.
In this paper, authors Kevin C. Desouza, David Swindell, Kendra L. Smith, Alison Sutherland, Kena Fedorschak, and Carolina Coronel illustrate how technological advancements, such as the proliferation of drone technologies, artificial intelligence, autonomous vehicles, and peer-2-peer services, will introduce data privatization challenges and destabilize existing governance systems. In order to maintain effective service delivery, public sector entities must increasingly consider the ramifications technology will have on income inequality, fragile and conflict states, and immigration—just to name a few.
They conclude by urging policymakers and government managers to chart out trends based on data, model the interactions within complex systems, and study the pathways towards outcomes to unearth intended and unintended consequences of strategic choices. The authors argue that designing a path forward for local governments will require deliberate collaboration among diverse stakeholders, an immersive engagement with the data and scenarios that will shape local communities, and employment of decision-tools to model and simulate alternatives.
Public Transit Survey Report
The Center for Urban Innovation serves as Arizona State University’s focal point for research on urban affairs and is part of the College of Public Programs. Its mission is to improve the quality of life in neighborhoods, cities and urban regions by promoting innovation in governance, policy, and management. The Center undertakes basic and applied research published in books, journal articles, research reports, and public testimony. We provide training and development activities for local government officials. While the Center has a special interest in Arizona and the Phoenix region, its research and outreach has global impact through innovative education and training, critical research and community involvement in cities around the world.
The Enhanced Partnership represents the joint research efforts of the Alliance for Innovation, the International City/County Management Association, and the Center for Urban Innovation at Arizona State University. The Collaborative Services Decision Matrix Tool is the second product from this new partnership. Each product is designed to be a useful aid for local government officials tackling challenging opportunities. This report supports The Collaborative Service Delivery Matrix: A Decision Tool to Assist Local Governments. It highlights the results of research, case studies, extensive bibliographic reviews, and interviews used by the Enhanced Partnership in the development of the decision matrix. The Enhanced Partnership chose to invest in this project in order to develop a practical and low-cost decision instrument that local governments can easily employ and implement very quickly with existing staff. The tool helps communities determine whether or not entering into a collaborative service delivery arrangement is likely to result in achieving the jurisdiction’s goals.